Do Ants Eat Termites? Your Allies in Termite Control

black and brown ant on brown soil

Termites cause serious damage to your home. Causing costly damage and leaving you feeling helpless.

But what if I told you there’s a tiny superhero right under our noses, ready to come to the rescue?

Enter the humble ant, nature’s own pest control expert. In the epic battle between termites and ants, the stakes are high, and the victor holds the key to your peace of mind. 

Discover how these busy insects take on the responsibility to eliminate termites, offering a natural solution to a common problem. 

Come along with us as we explore the fascinating world of insects and discover how ants can actually be our secret friends when it comes to dealing with those pesky termites.

Do Ants Eat Termites? The Battle for Your Home Protection.

Ants are known to eat termites, and this natural behavior serves several important purposes.

Firstly, termites and ants are both social insects that live in organized colonies. However, they are fierce competitors for resources and territory. Ants have evolved to take advantage of the termite’s vulnerability as a food source, ensuring their own survival and dominance.

Secondly, termites are rich in nutrients, making them a valuable food source for ants. Termites contain proteins, fats, and carbohydrates that provide essential energy for ant colonies. By preying on termites, ants can supplement their diet and sustain the growth and development of their own colony members, including larvae and the queen.

Furthermore, ants have developed specialized adaptations to effectively hunt and capture termites. Some ant species have strong jaws and sharp mandibles, allowing them to overpower and consume termites with ease. 

The consumption of termites by ants also serves as a natural form of pest control. Termites are notorious for causing damage to wooden structures, posing a threat to human dwellings. By actively preying on termites, ants help regulate termite populations, reducing the risk of extensive damage to homes and other wooden structures.

What Does Termite Eat?

Termites are notorious for their destructive nature, but have you ever wondered what these tiny insects actually feast upon?

The answer lies in their diet, as termites primarily feed on cellulose-based materials.

Cellulose, a complex carbohydrate found in plant matter, serves as the main food source for termites.

Wood, in particular, is a favorite delicacy for these wood-destroying pests. They consume the cellulose present in wooden structures, from beams and furniture to flooring and even paper.

Beyond the wood, termites have a versatile palate. They can also feed on other cellulose-rich materials such as plant debris, leaves, grass, and roots. This diverse range of food sources allows them to adapt and thrive in various environments, including forests, grasslands, and even urban settings.

Interestingly, termites possess specialized microorganisms, such as bacteria and protozoa, within their digestive system. These microorganisms help break down cellulose, enabling termites to extract nutrients from the otherwise indigestible plant material. This unique symbiotic relationship between termites and their gut microorganisms allows them to efficiently extract energy from cellulose-based food sources.

In addition to their primary diet of cellulose, termites also consume fungi. Some termite species cultivate fungi in specialized chambers within their nests. They provide the fungi with a substrate, such as decaying wood or leaf litter, and in return, the fungi break down the cellulose, creating a nutrient-rich food source for the termites.

How Do Ants Eat Termites?

Ants have developed effective strategies to capture and consume termites. They use their strength and sharp mandibles to seize and immobilize termites

Once captured, ants bite or tear open the termite’s exoskeleton, feeding on its body fluids and internal tissues. Certain ant species, like army ants, conduct large-scale raids on termite colonies, overpowering them through sheer numbers. 

Ants also utilize chemical signals called pheromones to communicate and coordinate attacks, ensuring successful termite hunting. Through these tactics, ants satisfy their appetite for termites and effectively utilize them as a valuable food source.

brown and black wood log

The World of Termites

Termites are silent destroyers, sneaking into our homes undetected and wreaking havoc. These tiny insects have a greedy appetite for cellulose, the main component of wood, and they can chew through it relentlessly.

Their behavior is relentless, as they work together in massive colonies, tunneling through walls, floors, and even furniture, causing extensive damage that can compromise the structural integrity of our homes.

With an insatiable hunger, termites spare no wooden structure. They create complex networks of tunnels, hidden from our sight, as they feast on anything made of cellulose. From wooden beams to cabinets and flooring, nothing is safe from their gnawing jaws.

What makes termites particularly formidable is their ability to remain hidden for long periods. They build mud tubes as a means of travel, protecting them from predators and keeping them concealed within our walls. 

The threat of termite infestation is not limited to homes alone. Termites can also target trees, causing significant damage to forests and impacting the ecosystem. Their feeding habits can disrupt the natural balance, leading to cascading effects on the environment.

The Difference Between Ants and Termites

Ants and termites are often mistaken for one another due to their similar size and social behavior, but there are significant differences between these two fascinating insect groups. 

Let’s explore these differences to gain a better understanding of each species.

Physical Appearance

One of the key distinctions between ants and termites lies in their physical characteristics. Ants have a clearly defined narrow waist, giving them a segmented appearance. They also possess elbowed antennae and a pair of strong, curved mandibles. In contrast, termites have a more uniform and cylindrical body shape, lacking the pronounced waist of ants. Their antennae are straight and bead-like, and their mandibles are not as prominent.

Winged Reproductive Stage

Both ants and termites have winged reproductive individuals, commonly known as alates or swarmers, but their wings differ in shape and size. Ants have forewings that are larger and longer than their hind wings, while termites have wings of equal size and shape. Additionally, termite alates shed their wings shortly after mating, while ant alates retain their wings, enabling them to establish new colonies in different locations.

Social Structure

Ants and termites also differ in their social organization. Ant colonies are typically headed by a single queen, and worker ants perform various tasks such as foraging, nest maintenance, and caring for the young. Some ant species have multiple queens within a colony. Termites, on the other hand, have a more complex social structure. They have a king and queen, who are the primary reproductive individuals, and a diverse array of specialized castes, including workers, soldiers, and reproductives. The workers are responsible for tasks such as foraging, building and maintaining the nest, and caring for the young.

Diet and Nesting Habits

Ants and termites differ in their dietary preferences and nesting habits. Ants are omnivorous, with some species being scavengers, while others are herbivorous or predatory. They often construct their nests in soil, wood, or even underground tunnels. Termites, on the other hand, are primarily detritivores, feeding on decomposing plant material like wood. They build elaborate nests that can vary greatly in structure, ranging from underground mounds to towering above-ground structures made of soil, wood particles, and saliva.

What Do Termite Larvae Look Like?

Termite larvae are small and have a distinctive appearance. They are pale and translucent, almost like tiny, delicate ghosts.

Their bodies are soft and lack the hard exoskeleton that adult termites possess. With six tiny legs, they scurry around their nest with a certain grace. 

Their coloration allows them to blend seamlessly into their environment, making them difficult to spot without a keen eye or a magnifying glass.

Termite larvae are about the size of a grain of rice when they first hatch, but as they grow, they become larger and stronger through a series of molts. 

This process of shedding their old skin enables them to accommodate their expanding bodies and develop into fully mature termites.

What Kills Termites Naturally? Get Rid of These Little Pesky Insects

When it comes to controlling termites naturally, several methods exist that can help eliminate these destructive pests without the use of chemicals. 

Let’s explore some effective natural solutions for termite control.

  • Nematodes: Nematodes are microscopic roundworms that are natural predators of termites. These beneficial organisms can be applied to termite-infested areas, such as soil or wood, where they actively seek out and infect termites. Once inside the termite’s body, nematodes release bacteria that ultimately kill the termites. Nematodes offer an environmentally friendly solution to curb termite populations naturally.
  • Borates: Borates are naturally occurring minerals that can be used as a treatment for termite-infested wood. These minerals are highly effective in killing termites, as they penetrate the wood and disrupt the termite’s digestive system, ultimately leading to their demise. Borate treatments not only kill existing termites but also act as a preventive measure by creating a barrier that deters future infestations.
  • Sunlight and Heat: Termites are highly susceptible to sunlight and heat. Exposing termite-infested areas to direct sunlight can help kill these pests. Similarly, subjecting termite-infested furniture or wooden items to high temperatures, such as through heat treatment or placing them in a hot environment, can effectively eliminate termites.
  • Orange Oil: Orange oil, derived from orange peels, contains a compound called d-limonene, which is toxic to termites. When applied directly to termite-infested areas or injected into termite galleries, orange oil can effectively kill termites. It works by dissolving the termites’ exoskeleton and destroying their cell membranes, leading to dehydration and ultimately their demise.
  • Vinegar: Vinegar, a common household item, can also help in killing termites. Its acidic nature is toxic to termites and can disrupt their digestive system. A solution of equal parts vinegar and water can be sprayed directly onto termite-infested areas or used to soak infested wooden items to eliminate termites. However, it’s important to note that vinegar may not completely eradicate a termite colony, but it can serve as a temporary deterrent.
  • Diatomaceous Earth: Diatomaceous earth is a natural sedimentary rock that consists of the fossilized remains of diatoms, a type of algae. It contains sharp microscopic particles that can penetrate the termite’s exoskeleton and cause dehydration. By applying diatomaceous earth to termite-infested areas or creating a barrier around vulnerable entry points, it can help kill termites and prevent further infestations.


In this blog, we explored the topic do ants eat termites. Through extensive research, we have discovered that ants do indeed consume termites as part of their natural behavior. 

This behavior serves multiple purposes, including securing resources and maintaining dominance in their respective colonies.

Ants serve as natural predators of termites, helping to control termite populations and reduce the risk of damage to wooden structures.

Termites primarily feed on cellulose-based materials, such as wood, and have specialized digestive systems to extract nutrients.

Understanding the differences between ants and termites, such as their physical appearance, social structure, and dietary preferences, can aid in effective termite management.

black and brown wasp on yellow and white flower

By utilizing natural methods like nematodes, borates, sunlight, heat, orange oil, vinegar, and diatomaceous earth, it’s possible to control termites without harsh chemicals, providing an environmentally friendly approach to termite control. 

Taking preventive measures and regular inspections can help protect our homes from termite infestations.